Aging Bull

Monday 28 December 2009

Conservation work has been completed on the Papal Bull which granted medieval Scotland its first university, the University of St Andrews.

The Bull of Foundation is one of a series of six letters from the Pope, sent in 1413, which together brought the University fully and formally into existence.

This document embodies the 1412 charter, issued by Bishop Henry Wardlaw, which granted the masters and students of St Andrews recognition as a properly constituted corporation. It marks the culmination of three years of academic development and the birth of the third oldest university in the English-speaking world.

Having been stored for years in a portfolio folder, this surviving piece of the history of Scottish education was showing its age, as it approached its 600th anniversary.

A team of experts at the University of Dundee Book and Paper Conservation Studio spent three weeks giving the Bull its 600 year service, at a total cost of £600 – just £1 for every year of its life.

Work included surface cleaning, the repair of vulnerable edge tears, the realignment of the document’s silk tag, and the provision of a cutting-edge storage box and mount to allow safe storage and display.

With the Papal Bull preserved and protected, plans are now being developed for a `tour of goodwill’ to allow people the opportunity to connect with Scottish history and the 600th anniversary of the University of St Andrews.

University of St Andrews Muniments Archivist Rachel Hart said:

“We are the custodians of a vital piece of evidence not only of the University’s history but also of its place as an international seat of learning within the history of Scotland. The Bull of Foundation is an amazing document to see and I hope that with the 600th anniversary approaching, many may have the opportunity.”


Issued by the University of St Andrews Contact Emma Shea, Communications Manager on 07850900352 or email [email protected]

Category University news

Related topics

Share this story