Fifty years after Yuri Gagarin's famous mission, Professor Gerard DeGroot questions the value of his flight for space strategy.
St Andrews' historian revisits the sixties with a less nostalgic outlook.
The inclusion of women in the peacekeeping process is more likely to gain positive results, according to a St Andrews academic.
Research into the darker side of space exploration, which views the 1969 moon landing as '$35 billion ego trip', has been published by a historian at the University of St Andrews.
Dr Gerard DeGroot of the University of St Andrews is actively participating in a new United Nations initiative designed to improve the effectiveness of peacekeeping and peace support operations around the world.